Exploratory Analysis Shows Addition of 600mg Apatorsen to Standard of Care Chemotherapy Resulted in 50 Percent Reduction in Risk of Death in Patients with Lower Performance Status
Phase 2 Trial Informs Appropriate Apatorsen Dosing and Patient Population for Future Trials in Metastatic Bladder Cancer
Overall trial results indicated that the addition of 600mg apatorsen to standard of care chemotherapy showed a 14 percent reduction in risk of death (overall survival hazard ratio (HR) = 0.86) and a 17 percent reduction in progressive disease and death (progression-free survival HR = 0.83) when compared to chemotherapy alone. Over one-third of the patients in the trial had lower performance status, as defined by a Karnofsky score of 80 percent or less. These patients derived the greatest benefit from 600mg apatorsen in combination with chemotherapy, resulting in a 50 percent reduction in risk of death (overall survival HR = 0.50) compared to chemotherapy alone. Less benefit was observed in the 1000mg apatorsen arm due to increased adverse events leading to a higher rate of discontinuation of both apatorsen and chemotherapy. Apatorsen 600mg was well tolerated in combination with chemotherapy.
"These data provide greater insight into the most appropriate dose and patient type for further evaluation of apatorsen in first-line metastatic bladder cancer," said
Limited options currently exist for patients with advanced bladder cancer. Given these results and the urgent need for new treatments, OncoGenex will be working closely with investigators and regulatory agencies to determine next steps.
"While the advent of chemotherapy helped to increase survival in metastatic bladder cancer, in the last three decades there have been limited treatment advances to improve outcomes," said Joaquim Bellmunt, MD, PhD Director,
Apatorsen is designed to inhibit production of heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27), which increases with cancer treatment as well as with tumor stage and grade. High levels of Hsp27 contribute to cancer cell survival, proliferation and migration and also play a role in dampening a cancer patient's immune function.
Borealis-1 enrolled approximately 180 patients with documented metastatic or locally inoperable transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary tract who had not previously received chemotherapy for metastatic disease and were not candidates for potentially curative surgery or radiotherapy. Patients were randomized to receive standard chemotherapy (gemcitabine/cisplatin) in combination with apatorsen at two dose levels (600 mg and 1000 mg) or gemcitabine/cisplatin plus placebo. Patients received up to six cycles of weekly intravenous therapy. Following the discontinuation of a minimum of four cycles of chemotherapy, all patients received weekly apatorsen or placebo maintenance therapy until disease progression or other reason for withdrawal from protocol treatment. The primary endpoint of the trial was overall survival. Secondary endpoints measured disease response as well as safety of each of the two doses of apatorsen.
"We are extremely grateful to the Borealis-1 investigators for their efforts, and most importantly, to the patients who participated in the trial and the family and friends who supported them," said Cormack.
Borealis-1 is part of the The ORCA™ (Ongoing Studies Evaluating Treatment Resistance in CAncer) program and one of two ongoing clinical trials of apatorsen in metastatic bladder cancer. The Borealis-2™ trial is an investigator-sponsored, randomized Phase 2 trial evaluating apatorsen in combination with docetaxel in patients with advanced or metastatic bladder cancer who have disease progression following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. This trial is sponsored by the
About Bladder Cancer
Worldwide, more than 429,000 cases of bladder cancer are diagnosed each year, and nearly 75,000 cases of bladder cancer will be diagnosed in the U.S. in 2014. Approximately 70 percent of patients present with superficial or non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, with about 30 percent of patients having locally invasive or metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis. Of patients with locally invasive disease, 50 percent will relapse with metastases within two years. Limited options exist for both the first- and second-line treatment of advanced bladder cancer and there continues to be a high unmet need for additional therapeutic options for this patient population.
About Apatorsen and ORCA
Apatorsen (OGX-427) is a once-weekly intravenous (IV) experimental drug that is designed to inhibit production of heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) to disable cancer cells' defenses and overcome treatment resistance. Hsp27 is an intracellular protein that protects cancer cells by helping them survive, leading to resistance and more aggressive cancer phenotypes. Both the potential single-agent activity and synergistic activity of apatorsen with cancer treatments may increase the overall benefit of existing therapies and augment the durability of treatment outcomes, which could lead to increased patient survival.
The ORCA program encompasses clinical trials of apatorsen. Phase 2 clinical trials are underway in bladder, lung, pancreatic and prostate cancers. For more information on apatorsen and ORCA, please visit www.OncoGenex.com or www.orcatrials.com.
OncoGenex is a biopharmaceutical company committed to the development and commercialization of new therapies that address treatment resistance in cancer patients. OncoGenex has a diverse oncology pipeline, with each product candidate having a distinct mechanism of action and representing a unique opportunity for cancer drug development.
OncoGenex' Forward Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the "safe harbor" provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including, but not limited to, statements regarding the potential benefits and potential development of our product candidates. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management's current expectations and beliefs and are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including, among others, the risk that our product candidates will not demonstrate the hypothesized or expected benefits, the risk of delays in our expected clinical trials, the risk that new developments in the rapidly evolving cancer therapy landscape require changes in our clinical trial plans or limit the potential benefits of our product and the other factors described in our risk factors set forth in our filings with the
Borealis-1™, Borealis-2™ and ORCA™ are registered trademarks of
To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/oncogenex-announces-results-from-the-phase-2-borealis-1-trial-of-apatorsen-in-the-treatment-of-metastatic-bladder-cancer-300012384.html
News Provided by Acquire Media